EB-3: Employment-based Green Card Groups

A construction worker representing the group of skilled workers eligible for a green card with an EB-3 visa

EB-3 Green Card for Professional Employees, Skilled Workers and Other Workers

Learn all about the EB-3 Green Card requirements, application process, benefits and path to US citizenship for professionals, skilled workers or other workers in different fields!

THE MAIN TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN THIS ARTICLE

  • What is an EB-3 Green Card for Workers?
  • What are the EB-3 Green Card application requirements?
  • How to get an EB-3 Green Card?
  • What is the validity period of the EB-3 Green Card?
  • Working in the US with an EB-3 Green Card
  • Can family members of an EB-3 Green Card holder also get a Green Card?
  • What are the documents required for an EB-3 Green Card?
  • What is the EB-3 Green Card application fee?
  • What are the advantages of the EB-3 Green Card?
  • Important tips about the EB-3 Green Card!
  • Can I get American citizenship with an EB-3 Green Card?

What is an EB-3 Green Card?

The EB-3 Green Card is an employment-based immigrant visa issued to professional workers, skilled workers and other laborers. In order for foreigners to generally be granted this immigrant visa, it must not substantially affect the employment prospects of American citizens working in the United States in that sector.

What are the EB-3 Green Card application requirements?

  • Job Offer Whether you are a professional worker, skilled worker or belong to any other group of workers, you must have been offered a job by an American employer.
  • Labor Certification (PERM): Again, regardless of which category you fall under, obtaining a labor certification is a prerequisite for the application. This certificate shows that there is no one who can replace you in the United States and can be obtained by your employer by submitting Form ETA-9089to the Department of Labor.
  • Applied Position: According to this;
    • Professional Employees: You must have a bachelor's degree or equivalent.
    • Skilled workers: you must have at least 2 years of work experience, higher education (such as a master's degree) or an internship.
    • Other Workers: You must be capable of performing only temporary or non-seasonal work with less than 2 years of experience.

How to get an EB-3 Green Card?

First, the employer must obtain a Labor Certification (PERM) from the US Department of Labor (DOL) on behalf of the employee. Once you meet all the requirements, you can apply for an EB-3 Green Card from within the US or through consulates in your home country.

Applying for a Green Card through the US Consulate

STEP 1: Completing the I-140 Form

The application process begins when the American employer fills out the "I-140, Petition for Alien Worker" form and sends it to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

STEP 2: Visa Bulletin Check

There is a limited number of EB-3 Green Cards to be issued annually, so in years when there are more applicants, there is a queue. In order to proceed to the next step, you must first check the visa bulletin to see if your Green Card application is in line. The date the I-140 form is submitted is considered the Priority Date and you will be queued according to this date.

STEP 3: Green Card Application with DS-260 Form

Once the I-140 form has been approved and you are listed in the visa bulletin, you can apply for your Green Card by filling out Form DS-260 online.

STEP 4: Medical Examination

Before the interview appointment, you need to obtain a medical examination report from an embassy-approved doctor. You can find the information of the relevant doctors on the consulate's website.

STEP 5 Interview

After you apply for your Green Card with the DS-260 form, you will receive an interview date on the same page at the end of the application. We recommend that you collect the necessary documents until the interview date. The questions you will be asked in the interview may be related to the information you filled in the form, or they may be about your success and experience.

STEP 6 Application Result

You can check the status of your application on the CEAC website by entering your Immigrant Visa Case Number. If your Green Card application has been approved, the consular officer will give you an information packet. You should never open this package, which is called a "Visa Packet". Once you arrive in the US, you give the packet to the officer at the border crossing and the officer will review your documents and decide whether or not to accept you into the country. Within 45 days of your arrival, your Green Card will be printed and sent to your US address.

Applying for a Green Card through Change of Status within the United States

If you are in the US in a non-immigrant status and your status will not expire until the I-140 form is approved, you can apply for an EB-3 Green Card from within the US. You can visit the USCIS website to keep up to date on the timelines for the finalization of the I-140 form by USCIS.

NOTE: By completing and submitting Form I-907 with your application, you can request that your I-140 form be finalized within 15 days for an extra $2500. This way you can apply from within the US before your status expires.

1. STEP 1: Completing the I-140 Form

The application process begins when the American employer fills out the "I-140, Petition for Alien Worker" form and sends it to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

STEP 2: Visa Bulletin Check

The number of Green Cards to be issued each year is limited, so in years when there are more applicants, there is a queue. In order to proceed to the next step, you must first check the visa bulletin to see if your Green Card application is in line. The date of submission of the I-140 form is considered the Priority Date and you will be queued according to this date.

STEP 3: Green Card Application with Form I-485

Once the I-140 form has been approved and your turn in the visa bulletin has come, you can apply for a Green Card through Adjustment of Status by filling out the I-485 form. Along with the form, there are many documents that you need to attach a copy of, such as birth certificate, criminal record, marriage certificate, etc.

STEP 4: Biometric Appointment

After you apply for a Green Card, USCIS sends you a document (form I-797C) with the date and place of your biometric appointment. When you attend your biometric appointment, your fingerprints will be scanned, your signature will be taken and your photo will be taken.

STEP 5: Interview (if deemed necessary)

If USCIS decides that you need to attend an interview, it will send you interview appointment information by letter or online.

STEP 6 Application Result

You can check your application status on the USCIS website or by calling the USCIS contact center at +800-375-5283. When a decision is made on your application, USCIS will send you a written decision letter. If your application has been accepted, your Green Card will be mailed some time after this letter. If your application was rejected, the letter will include the reasons for the rejection.

What is the validity period of the EB-3 Green Card?

Green Cards are usually issued for 10 years and can be renewed at the end of this period.

Working in the US with an EB-3 Green Card

People who receive a Green Card based on professional work, skilled labor, or other class of workers must work directly in their field in the United States. Already at the application stage, you must show that you have received a job offer from an employer who is an American citizen to work in your field and that you will carry out your work in that field.

Can family members of an EB-3 Green Card holder also get a Green Card?

The applicant's spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21 can also live in the United States under the EB-1 category by obtaining a Green Card together with the applicant.

What are the documents required for an EB-3 Green Card?

Although the documents required for the Green Card in the EB-3 category vary from person to person, they are generally as follows:

  • Valid Passport: Must be eligible to travel to the US and meet other passport requirements. You may also need to submit a photocopy of the biographical data page of your passport.
  • Birth Certificate Birth certificate from the applicant's country of birth.
  • Photo in accordance with US visa photo guidelines
  • Completed DS-260 Form Confirmation Page: If you are applying through the consulate, you must bring the confirmation page of this previously completed form to the interview.
  • I-94 Form: A record if the visa applicant has been to the US before.
  • Receipts Receipt for payment of the I-140 filing fee, receipt for payment of the DS-260 filing fee, and receipts for other expenses you incurred during the application process...
  • Evidence of Employment in the United States: Job offer, letters of reference, employment contract, diploma, and other documents that demonstrate the ability to perform work (the evidence you use may vary depending on which class of worker you fall into)...

NOTE: Some of these documents must be submitted with the forms, while others you are expected to bring with you to the interview. You can submit the documents in stages according to the instructions you will receive when you apply. For this reason, we recommend that you collect all documents completely before applying.

Missing documents may cause your Green Card application to be delayed or even rejected. To increase your chances of getting a Green Card, you can run your application with ALO, we are at your side with our professional team during the document collection phase!

What is the EB-3 Green Card application fee?

If you are applying through the consulate, the minimum Green Card application is $1250 as of 2023 (DS-260 Form, I-360 Form, Examination Fees, USCIS Immigrant Fee...).

If you are applying from within the United States, the minimum Green Card application is $1460 as of 2023 (I-485 Form, I-360 Form, Biometric Appointment).

On the other hand, there is no need to pay any special fee for submitting Form ETA-9089, which must be submitted in order to obtain a Labor Certificate (PERM).

NOTE: The forms you need to fill in during the application may vary depending on your situation and there may be extra costs.

By submitting your application through ALO, you can avoid extra costs that may arise as a result of an error. Check our fee table based on our transparent pricing policy!

What are the advantages of the EB-3 Green Card?

  • Residence Permit in the United States: Green Card holders have the right to reside in the United States. Valid for 10 years, Green Cards can be renewed at the end of this period and provide a lifetime residence permit as long as it is not canceled.
  • Travel Flexibility: Green Card holders have the flexibility to travel within and outside the United States. This is especially advantageous for them to collaborate with colleagues or organizations in different countries while maintaining their business in America.
  • Professional Development: Religious workers are given ample opportunities for career advancement within religious organizations, allowing them to fully concentrate on their vocation.
  • Access to Resources: Being in the United States with an EB-4 Green Card gives individuals access to state-of-the-art facilities, advanced research institutions, libraries and resources that can help them advance their careers. The country's vibrant and diverse cultural environment also provides opportunities for artistic and creative exploration.
  • Accompaniment of Family Members: Along with the main applicant, the spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21 can also receive a Green Card. This allows family members to study and work legally in the United States.

Important tips about the EB-3 Green Card!

  • Professional Help The EB-3 Green Card application process can be extremely complex. For this reason, you may want to consider working with an experienced immigration lawyer. This way, you can get professional support during the application process, have your documents collected in full, and significantly increase your chances of acceptance.
  • Tax Obligations: Green Card holders are required to file tax returns in the United States each year.
  • Comprehensive Evidence: Gather a strong package of evidence highlighting your achievements and educational background.
  • Green Card Interview: You may be required to attend an interview during the EB-23Green Card application process. Before the interview, review your application documents and prepare to answer questions about your purpose for staying in the United States and your career and academic background. Also, make sure that you have created a satisfactory evidence file.
  • Expediting the Application: If you are in a hurry to get a Green Card, you can file the I-907 form and have the I-140 form finalized within 15 days. You will have to pay an additional $2500 form fee. For applications filed from within the US, your status must be valid until the I-140 form is approved. In such cases, you may need to expedite your application to apply from within the United States.
  • An Impressive Personal Statement: The personal statement should highlight the applicant's achievements and future contributions in their field. For this reason, making your statement impressive can increase your chances of approval.

Can I get American citizenship with an EB-3 Green Card?

As a Green Card holder, you can obtain American citizenship after 5 years of residence in the United States. In addition, you must have been physically present in the US for a total of 2.5 years. You can visit our guide for detailed information about all the requirements for American citizenship and the application process.

Source: USCIS

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